Classes of Diabetes Medications – A Brief Study of Medications

Have you ever wondered how your doctor chose the medications prescribed for you? If you have, you will find this article an interesting read because it briefly discusses the various classes of medications and how doctors choose them when prescribing them to patients.

In fact, there are numerous medications and even the equal number of cobinations available. These are all classified in seven different classes which works in a way of its own. Your doctor will study your medical history to determine the type of diabetes you have, and then conclude if you need any medication at all. If your condition needs medications, the doctor will choose a medication from a specific class that corresponds to the type of diabetes you are suffering from.

Below, we briefly conbine the seven different classes of medications.

The sulfonylureas is the oldest medicinal class , and was the only oral medication available for diabetes until the 90s’. This required production of insulin by the body for it to work. Later on, the second class was discovered, and the way in which it worked was significantly different. This class, called biguanide attained its objective was by reducing the production of glucose in the liver. The next class is known as thiazolidinedione, and it increases the sensitivity of insulin in the human body. This mechanism leads to increased production of glucose which are consumed by the skeletal muscle.

Drugs are classified as the fourth class of diabetes medications. One form is oral, and it blocks the enzymes which further work to break the incretins. Injectable drugs are used as the other form, and the imitate the effect of natural incretins that the body produces.

AGI, or alpha glucosidase inhibitors form the next class, and they work by preventing carbohydrates to be digested by the intestine. SGLT2 inhibitors are the next class, but because there use has not yet been approved by the FDA, they are not prescribed.

Lastly, insulin is needed for people suffering from type 1 diabetes, but can also be prescribed to those suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Recent News

Gene Study Sheds Light on Body Clock’s Link to Diabetes

The finding could help improve assessment of a person’s diabetes risk and could also lead to the development of personalized treatments, according to the study  published in the Jan. 29 online edition of the journal Nature Genetics. The research team from Imperial College London found that people who have rare genetic mutations in the receptor for melatonin have a greatly… Read more

Live Liver Donation Safer Than Previously Thought

Live liver donation is believed to be more dangerous than it really is, said study leader and transplant surgeon Dr. Dorry Segev. As a result, there is a  significant shortage of livers available for the 16,000 people currently in need of a liver transplant. “The donor process is safer than some have previously thought,” Segev, director of clinical research in… Read more